At Healthy Partners Primary Care of Ft. Lauderdale we understand that diabetes is a complex disease that requires continuing medical care. It’s important for you or your loved ones to be aware of diabetes warning signs and get tested at any one of our locations.
What Is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a group of diseases that result in too much sugar in the blood, effecting our body’s ability to make and use insulin. Blood sugar, also called blood glucose, comes from the food we eat and is the primary source of energy. In fact, every single cell in the body needs sufficient blood sugar to function properly. Insulin, the hormone made by the pancreas, allows our body to use sugar and keeps levels from getting to high or too low. A person with diabetes either does not make enough insulin or cannot use their own insulin effectively. As a result, sugar builds in the blood causing physical reactions that range from mild to severe.
What Are The Types of Diabetes?
The most common types of diabetes are type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.
- Type 1 diabetes: Only 5 percent of people with diabetes have this form of the disease. People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin every day to stay alive because the body does not produce enough of the hormone on its own. Type 1 diabetes is often diagnosed in children and young adults, although it can appear at any age.
- Type 2 diabetes: Genetics and lifestyle are both risk factors for type 2 diabetes. It’s the most common type of diabetes and it can occur at any age, even during childhood. People with type 2 diabetes produce insulin but their body does not use the hormone properly. This is called insulin resistance which means the cells have trouble absorbing glucose, causing a buildup of sugar in the blood.
- Gestational diabetes: Gestational diabetes can develop when a woman is pregnant. Pregnant women who have never had diabetes before will often experience a slight rise in blood sugars. If the glucose level is too elevated, eating right, exercising and medication can help.
- Other specific types of diabetes resulting from specific genetic syndromes, surgery, drugs, malnutrition, infections, and other illnesses may account for 1% to 5% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes.
What Are The Symptoms of Diabetes?
The following symptoms of diabetes are typical. However, some people with type 2 diabetes have symptoms so mild that they go unnoticed.
Common symptoms of diabetes:
- Urinating often
- Feeling very thirsty
- Feeling very hungry – even though you are eating
- Extreme fatigue
- Blurry vision
- Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal
- Weight loss – even though you are eating more (type 1)
- Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands/feet (type 2)
Some people with type 2 diabetes experience mild symptoms that go undetected. If you or a loved one is concerned about possible symptoms or would like to learn more about Diabetes, please contact your Healthy Partners Primary Care office to schedule an appointment.